Monadnock Trails

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Monadnock Vegetation

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Tags: Monadnock Mountain, Oak Beech Pine Hemlock Forest, Monadnock Vegetation, Hemlock Beech Oak Pine Forest, Mount Monadnock, Monadnock Trails, Jaffrey, NH, directions, current weather, history, geology, flora, fauna, New Hampshire, Mount Monadnock, Jaffrey, Mt Monadnock, NH, Monadnock

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Point Discovery

Above: Northern Red Oak forest at Point Discovery

Monadnock Hemlock-Beech-Oak Pine Forest

Hemlock-Beech-Oak Pine Forest: communities occurs below 2100 feet. This forest, particularly on the south facing slopes of Mount Monadnock could be called more aptly called:
Oak Beech Pine Hemlock Forest because the dominant tree is Northern Red Oak and then Beech with some Eastern White Pine as well as some Eastern Hemlock in the lower elevations. Spruce mixes in at the higher elevations on Monadnock. The Oak Beech Pine Hemlock forest that is on Mount Monadnock's lower slopes resembles forest's of much of Southern New Hampshire.  This forest may also be described as a transition forest from the Northern Broadleaf Forest of Birch, Beech, Maple with the Oak forests to the south.

The two tree species that are most common in this community on the slopes of Mount Monadnock are red oak and red spruce. Hemlock is sporadic in the lowest elevations from 1100 ft-1600 ft. Beech saplings are common and higher up saplings of red spruce occur in patches. Dominant saplings are red spruce, yellow birch, and striped maple in this zone. Occasional patches of dense spruce saplings can also mark this zone. Waist deep ferns, ground pine, as well as other shrubs, plants and saplings make up the ground vegetation. This forest zone dominated by hardwoods is more sun dappled allowing shrubs and plants to grow on the forest floor in contrast to the deep shady spruce forest higher up. In fall, Red Oak saplings can be a bright red. In late fall, when the vegetation clears this vegetation community may be open and park-like, however, recent ice storms have littered the forest floor with downed trees, especially on the west and east sides of the mountain.

In logged over spaces or clearings, flowers bloom such as Daisies, Black Eyed Susans, and Goldenrod may cover the scene. This may be noticeable at the Halfway House Site. In the lower elevations, the recently logged over dense thorny brambles on the east and west side of the mountain there may be some wild red raspberries and black raspberries as well as blueberries in addition to the flowers. Fortunately, Poison Ivy is unusual on Monadnock, but there may be some scattered in the low elevations.

The lower forests could even be split up more. For example the southern slopes are dominated by Oak Trees blended with some spruce higher up, and with pine and hemlock mixed lower down. This may be noticeable when hiking up the Old Toll Road or the Old Halfway House Trail from 124. The south side Oak forest is also mixed with a few Red Maple, Striped Maple, and some Paper Birch as well. On the northern side of the mountain, the name of the vegetation zone Hemlock-Beech-Oak Pine Forest might be more of a fit. On the north side of the mountain may appear more northern and a more mixed forest consisting of; oak, birch, beech, and maple as well as conifers such as spruce, pine, hemlock, and even some balsam fir such as along the Pumpelly Trail.

Below: Oak/mixed forest below the Matterhorn, Mount Monadnock

Oak Birch Maple Beech Matterhorn

The pages on the vegetation communities launched this spring has been revised and updated as of August 2011 to more accurately describe Mount Monadnock's unique vegetation.
Fred Pitcher has had 1325+ varied hikes of Mount Monadnock and has spent years researching Monadnock.  All images by Fred Pitcher
"Monadnock Guide", Henry I. Baldwin, ©1970, 1rst edition, published by SPNHF
researched online sources such as "Wikipedia", "Google Images"
"National Audubon Society Field Guide to New England", by Peter Alden and Brian Cassie, 1998 edition, 2005 printing
"A.M.C. Field Guide to the New England Alpine Summits", by Nancy G. Slack and Allison W. Bell, distributed by Globe Pequot Press ©1995
"The Description and Distribution of Natural Communities on Mount Monadnock, NH: Implication in the Face of Climate Change". MS thesis. Antioch University New England, Keene, NH. by David Mallard, 2008
"North Woods, An Inside Look at the Nature of Forests in the Northeast", by Peter J. Marchand, ©1987, distributed by Globe Pequot Press
"New Hampshire Division of Forests and Lands/about forests and lands" website

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Monadnock Trails website: Author, Creator, and photos by Frederick Pitcher 2015
Use of the information on this site is the sole risk of the user.  The author is not responsible for the trails or anyone's ability to follow them.  In addition to the trails there are certain places in this website described that are off trail.  Anyone exploring Monadnock does so at their own risk.


Tags: Monadnock Mountain, Oak Beech Pine Hemlock Forest, Monadnock Vegetation, Hemlock Beech Oak Pine Forest, Mount Monadnock, Monadnock Trails, Jaffrey, NH, directions, current weather, history, geology, flora, fauna, New Hampshire, Mount Monadnock, Jaffrey, Hiking New Hampshire, Mt Monadnock, NH, Monadnock

Jaffrey Weather Forecast, NH

The weather above is for the base of the mountain.